Cannabidiol, often abbreviated to CBD, is a cannabinoid derived from Cannabis sativa, known for its countless properties and much discussed in the current panorama for the different opinions regarding the legality of the plant from which it derives.
It is proven that this substance can be a good ally in countering many ailments, such as anxiety attacks and daily stress problems.
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With respect to the legality or otherwise of CBD-based products, several European regulations have been introduced over the years. They’re essential to know before approaching the purchase or sale. Let us, therefore, try to enter into the specifics of this topic.
Recognized properties of CBD
Among the countless properties of CBD, we find an excellent relaxing and soothing effect beneficial, as already mentioned, to reduce anxiety, agitation or insomnia problems and therefore used as a natural anxiolytic and antidepressant.
Furthermore, CBD can act on inflammatory states by relieving pain and thus functioning with good results as a natural analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. But these are only the main properties since the studies conducted on this active ingredient have found that it can give significant benefits at the level of different symptoms.
It can even help those suffering from seizures and convulsions, psychiatric problems, diseases such as fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer.
In addition, it is able, on a more generic level, to bring benefits to the person’s general health thanks to its ability to counteract the rise in blood sugar and cholesterol levels and the ability to regulate heartbeat and blood pressure.
These and many others are recognized properties of CBD thanks to studies conducted by high-level universities and the same benefits found by those who have tried taking CBD to find relief from the problems indicated above.
WHO and European Court opinions on CBD
In 2019 the WHO, the World Health Organization, thanks to ongoing studies that have recognized the efficacy, properties and benefits of CBD, requested that the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs be amended with respect to this particular active ingredient.
In particular, it was requested the elimination of CDB from the table relating to harmful substances of extremely low medical and therapeutic value, with its inclusion in the table relating to all substances with the therapeutic and medical value of preparations derived from Cannabis sativa.
Subsequently, the European Court ruled that no European Union country can prevent the possible production, sale, purchase and consumption of CBD, but only if the latter is produced by one of the Member States, if it is extracted from the whole plant and not only from fibres or seeds, and if it comes from legally grown hemp, with a THC percentage of less than 0.2% inside.
If the CBD product meets these parameters, it can be considered legal, and therefore their sale or consumption cannot be prevented. However, the Court reserves the right for each country to establish its own internal laws, even if any prohibition must be justified validly and concretely.
CBD / cannabidiol: what is it?
Cannabidiol or CBD is a molecule extracted through the use of CO2 from legal hemp.
According to numerous studies, CBD, a natural substance, has many beneficial effects. On the contrary, the contraindications are practically non-existent.
Among the benefits of CBD, we find the ability to regulate the sleep cycle, give a good mood and eliminate states of anxiety and stress. In addition, it acts positively on the organism, reducing inflammatory conditions.
Unlike the other well-known substance extracted from cannabis Sativa, namely THC, CBD does not cause hallucinations, alterations in the state of wakefulness or the psyche and does not cause addiction.
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC, is one of the psychotropic substances capable of causing hallucinatory states and causing addiction.
This is the nodal point of the whole legal situation in Europe regarding the use of CBD.
The European CBD law
As we have already mentioned, the use of CBD has been legal throughout Europe, but not for a very long time.
The European court ruling that sanctioned the legality of this substance dates back to November 19, 2020.
The two defendants were initially convicted of selling e-cigarettes containing CBD liquid. However, after reviewing the sentence, the European Court acquitted the two as the substance in question cannot be included among drugs.
As we have said, CBD does not cause hallucinations or altered states, unlike THC, but, on the contrary, has numerous beneficial effects.
What does it mean?
Thanks to this ruling, from the end of 2020, cannabidiol can be produced, marketed and consumed, provided that certain conditions are met.
First, the CBD must be extracted from hemp produced in one of the EU member states.
These are required to comply with a specific obligation: to grow and use only hemp containing no more than 0.2% THC, while there are no limits regarding CBD.
In addition, the processing must concern the entire plant and not just the fibres, seeds or roots.
According to the European legislation born following the sentence, no member country of the European Union can prevent the production, marketing and consumption of CBD unless this is justified for the protection of the health of all citizens.
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