In 2020-2024, the software testing services market is expected to grow by $34.5 billion. Such figures are mostly due to the increased interest in automated testing. An important participant in this process is Selenium, one of the best test automation tools according to Test Automation Landscape. What makes it unique? We’ll tell you the seven reasons why this tool created back in 2004 is still popular.
It supports the main programming languages.
Therefore, it is possible to write cases in one of the above languages, and Selenium will instantly transform them to the code compatible with it. You don’t need to code in Selenium using the language of the app. For example, if a program to be tested is written on PHP, testers can use other languages than PHP for Selenium. As a result, QA specialists needn’t worry about supporting a language or a framework, as Selenium takes care of it
It is a free and open-source tool.
One of Selenium’s advantages is that it’s an open-source tool. Any developer can download and adapt it to project requirements absolutely free.
In addition, over the 17 years of the tool’s existence, a large corresponding community has appeared, which helps QA specialists and developers automate tests for checking web applications. Testing and development tutorials can be easily found online. Selenium is also reliable due to the ease of writing test scripts.
It supports six browsers.
Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Edge are the most popular browsers, and all of them are compatible with Selenium scripts. You can write one test script and run it in all the browsers without changing it. Therefore, Selenium makes cross-browser testing much simpler.
It supports various operating systems.
Statista estimates that people around the world use Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems the most. Test scripts written in Selenium for one operating system can be easily run in others. That means the script written for Mac will also do for Windows and Linux. This allows developers and QA specialists to automate scripts for cross-browser testing. Moreover, for both browsers and operating systems, test cases can be reused.
Selenium can be integrated with other tools.
Improving and scaling the testing process might require additional frameworks and add-ons. Selenium is integrated with TestNG and JUnit to manage test cases and generate reports. To ensure ongoing testing, you should bind the tool to Jenkins, Maven, and Docker. Finally, it is impossible to test the quality of an image-based app without Sikuli.
With Selenium, you can run tests in parallel.
By using one of the tool groups – Selenium Grid – tests can be conducted in parallel, which significantly shortens the operating process. Cloud meshes for cross-browser testing with Selenium allow you to simultaneously test hundreds of browsers.
Selenium is constantly updated.
The Selenium community regularly releases easily available and understandable updates. You don’t need any additional training. This makes Selenium beneficial and cost-efficient compared to other tools.
Test automation provides great advantages in increasing product quality and reliability, so choosing the right tool can be a key to success. Selenium has become such a magic helper for many specialists. It is no less than a preferable test automation tool applied in user interface testing, regression, unit, and acceptance testing, as well as in Agile development, extreme programming, and other development methodologies with fast development cycles.