Neurological disorders refer to diseases or accidents that happen to the human body, which may cause an effect on the neurological system of the body, which includes the nerves, the spinal cord and the brain. There are multiple organs connected to each and every nerve, and any trauma to an organ or muscle that may affect the nerves of the organs are typically grouped under neurological disorders. Patients who undergo neurological disorders often need to go through corrective surgeries, rehabilitation, counseling, Neuro Physiotherapy and many such programs to gain back the lost health and mental well being.
The Nervous or the Neurological System of the Body
Our nervous system is one of the most important and vital parts of being ‘Human’ in a true sense. The Human Nervous system is a marvel of creation and consists of the brain, the spinal cord and the nerves that run along the whole body. The nervous system is responsible for the communication of all the muscles, organs and skeletal structure to the brain and vice versa through electronic messages. It is a network of thousands and thousands of nerves and billions of neurons that transmit each and every stimulus to the brain and the response to the specific part of the body.
Our neurological system is further divided into the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is the backbone of all human functions and consists of the brain and the spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system consists of the thousands of nerves running in the body, reaching every single millimeter of our being.
The Top 5 Neurological Disorder
Any trauma, accident or disease that affects the body parts, muscles, organs or the skeleton system which takes a toll on the nerves attached to it is considered to be a neurological disorder. Furthermore, any trauma to the spinal cord and brain is one of the biggest and most dangerous disorders that one can encounter that may be classified as a neurological disorder. Below are some of the neurological disorders:
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)
Spinal Cord Injury is caused due to sudden trauma in the vertebrae of the spinal column. The injury may consist of bruises, partial or complete tearing of the spinal cord, causing severe disability and could also be fatal to adults and children.
Causes of Spinal Cord Injury are major falls, vehicle accidents, sports injuries, birth injuries, etc.
Based on the extent of the injury, it can be treated with corrective surgeries or Neuro Physiotherapy in case of Quadriplegia or Paraplegia.
A brain tumor is a collection or a mass of abnormal tissues in the brain which may or not be benign. Many types of brain tumors exist, and the specific type and condition need to be evaluated and researched before starting a treatment course.
There are no particular causes of brain tumors. Past history of fall, injury or trauma may lead to brain tumors in the future.
The Treatment for a brain tumor depends on whether the tumor is benign or cancerous. The treatments involve surgeries, craniotomy, acoustic neuroma, radiation therapy, etc.
Epilepsy and Seizures
Epilepsy is a brain and nerve condition that causes a patient to undergo a seizure. Interruption in the brain due to connections of the neurons or the lack thereof can cause a person to have a seizure.
Causes of seizures can be genetic, lack or imbalance of nerve signaling chemicals, tumors, strokes, brain injuries, etc.
Treatment involves corrective surgeries, rehabilitation, neuro physiotherapy, speech and motor therapy, medication, etc.
Lumbar Disk or Herniated Disk Disease
Lumbar Disk disease is caused in the lower back of the five vertebrae that form the lumbar spine. The Lumbar disk can develop two kinds of conditions: Bulging disk or Ruptured/Herniated disk. This causes the fluid in the vertebral column to dry out, causing pain and inflammation.
Causes of this disorder include age, sports injury, road accidents, etc.
Treatment includes hospitalization and complete bed rest, corrective surgeries, medication and physiotherapy.
A stroke is classified as a brain attack. A condition where the blood flow to the brain is stopped or interrupted due to some internal factor can push the body into a state of shock and have a stroke. The brain needs a constant blood supply, and the lack thereof can cause a stroke.
Causes of stroke are high blood pressure, heart disease, history of stroke in the past, diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol, drug usage, etc.
Treatment includes clot-busting medicines, medication to control brain swelling, craniotomy, etc.
These are some of the top five neurological disorders.